A/Professor Bette Liu

NHMRC Research Fellow, program lead for ‘data linkage and big data’.

Bette Liu is an Associate Professor based in the School of Public Health and Community Medicine at UNSW and an NHMRC Career Development Fellow. She is a medically trained epidemiologist with extensive national and international experience in the design, conduct and analysis of large-scale epidemiological studies and record linkage studies. The main focus of her work has been to identify and measure the impact of public health prevention strategies for common diseases through the use of observational study designs and analysis of large scale “big” data. She leads a number of studies focusing on vaccination coverage, and the burden of common vaccine preventable diseases in adults. 
Vaccine-related projects include:
1.    Providing the evidence to guide adult immunisation strategies: a novel approach using a large prospective cohort study and record linkage
2.    Quantifying the effectiveness of pertussis vaccine in older adults



Chen Y;Glass K;Liu B;Korda RJ;Riley TV;Kirk MD, 2017, 'Burden of Clostridium difficile infection: Associated hospitalization in a cohort of middle-aged and older adults', American Journal of Infection Controlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.12.006

Chen Y;Glass K;Liu B;Riley TV;Korda R;Kirk MD, 2017, 'A population-based longitudinal study of Clostridium difficile infection-related hospitalization in mid-age and older Australians', Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 145, pp. 575 - 582, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268816002260

Cowling CS;Liu BC;Snelling TL;Ward JS;Kaldor JM;Wilson DP, 2016, 'Australian trachoma surveillance annual report, 2013', Communicable diseases intelligence quarterly report, vol. 40, pp. E255 - E266

Chen Y;Liu B;Glass K;Du W;Banks E;Kirk M, 2016, 'Use of proton pump inhibitors and the risk of hospitalization for infectious gastroenteritis', PLoS ONE, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0168618

Chen Y;Glass K;Liu B;Hope K;Kirk M, 2016, 'Salmonella Infection in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: Incidence and Risk Factors from the 45 and Up Study', Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, vol. 13, pp. 689 - 694, http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2016.2170

Karki S;Dyda A;Newall A;Heywood A;MacIntyre CR;McIntyre P;Banks E;Liu B, 2016, 'Comparison of influenza vaccination coverage between immigrant and Australian-born adults', Vaccine, vol. 34, pp. 6388 - 6395, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.10.012

Smith LW;Liu B;Degenhardt L;Richters J;Patton G;Wand H;Cross D;Hocking JS;Skinner SR;Cooper S;Lumby C;Kaldor JM;Guy R, 2016, 'Is sexual content in new media linked to sexual risk behaviour in young people? A systematic review and meta-analysis', Sexual Health, vol. 13, pp. 501 - 515, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH16037

Dyda A;Karki S;Hayen A;MacIntyre CR;Menzies R;Banks E;Kaldor JM;Liu B, 2016, 'Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination in Australian adults: A systematic review of coverage and factors associated with uptake', BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1820-8

Karki S;Newall AT;MacIntyre CR;Heywood AE;McIntyre P;Banks E;Liu B, 2016, 'Healthcare resource utilisation associated with herpes zoster in a prospective cohort of older Australian adults', PLoS ONE, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160446

Liu B;Cowling C;Hayen A;Watt G;Mak DB;Lambert S;Taylor H;Kaldor JM, 2016, 'Relationship between Community Drug Administration Strategy and Changes in Trachoma Prevalence, 2007 to 2013', PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0004810

Smith MA;Liu B;McIntyre P;Menzies R;Dey A;Canfell K, 2016, 'Trends in genital warts by socioeconomic status after the introduction of the national HPV vaccination program in Australia: Analysis of national hospital data', BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1347-z

Dyda A;MacIntyre CR;Banks E;Kaldor J;Newall AT;McIntyre P;Liu B, 2015, 'Medicare Benefits Schedule data to monitor influenza immunisation in Australian adults', Public Health Research and Practice, vol. 25, http://dx.doi.org/10.17061/phrp2541543

Karki S;Gidding HF;Newall AT;McIntyre PB;Liu BC, 2015, 'Risk factors and burden of acute Q fever in older adults in New South Wales: a prospective cohort study', The Medical journal of Australia, vol. 203, pp. 438

Chen Y;Liu BC;Glass K;Kirk MD, 2015, 'High incidence of hospitalisation due to infectious gastroenteritis in older people associated with poor self-rated health', BMJ Open, vol. 5, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010161

Karki S;Gidding HF;Newall AT;McIntyre PB;Liu BC, 2015, 'Risk factors and burden of acute Q fever in older adults in New South Wales: A prospective cohort study', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 203, pp. 438.e1 - 438.e6, http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja15.00391

Karki S;McIntyre P;Newall AT;MacIntyre CR;Banks E;Liu B, 2015, 'Risk factors for pertussis hospitalizations in Australians aged 45 years and over: A population based nested case-control study', Vaccinehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.08.068

Liu B;Heywood AE;Reekie J;Banks E;Kaldor JM;Mcintyre P;Newall AT;Macintyre CR, 2015, 'Risk factors for herpes zoster in a large cohort of unvaccinated older adults: A prospective cohort study', Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 143, pp. 2871 - 2881, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268814003653

Cowling CS;Liu BC;Snelling TL;Ward JS;Kaldor JM;Wilson DP, 2015, 'National trachoma surveillance annual report, 2012.', Communicable diseases intelligence quarterly report, vol. 39, pp. E146 - E157

Dyda A;MacIntyre CR;McIntyre P;Newall AT;Banks E;Kaldor J;Liu B, 2015, 'Factors associated with influenza vaccination in middle and older aged Australian adults according to eligibility for the national vaccination program', Vaccinehttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.05.046

Banks E;Joshy G;Weber MF;Liu B;Grenfell R;Egger S;Paige E;Lopez AD;Sitas F;Beral V, 2015, 'Tobacco smoking and all-cause mortality in a large Australian cohort study: Findings from a mature epidemic with current low smoking prevalence', BMC Medicine, vol. 13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-015-0281-z

Smith MA;Liu B;McIntyre P;Menzies R;Dey A;Canfell K, 2015, 'Fall in genital warts diagnoses in the general and indigenous australian population following implementation of a national human papillomavirus vaccination program: Analysis of routinely collected nat', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 211, pp. 91 - 99, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiu370

Liu B;Donovan B;Brotherton JM L;Saville M;Kaldor JM, 2014, 'Genital warts and chlamydia in Australian women: Comparison of national population-based surveys in 2001 and 2011', Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 90, pp. 532 - 537, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2013-051307

Tabrizi SN;Phillips S;Cummins E;Garland SM;Brotherton JM L;Malloy M;Skinner SR;Kaldor JM;Liu B;Bateson D;McNamee K;Garefalakis M, 2014, 'Assessment of herd immunity and cross-protection after a human papillomavirus vaccination programme in Australia: A repeat cross-sectional study', The Lancet Infectious Diseaseshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70841-2

McCallum LK;Liu B;McIntyre P;Jorm LR, 2014, 'Estimating the burden of pertussis in young children on hospitals and emergency departments: A study using linked routinely collected data', Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 142, pp. 695 - 705, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268813001039

Reekie J;Donovan B;Guy R;Hocking JS;Jorm L;Kaldor JM;Mak DB;Preen D;Pearson S;Roberts CL;Stewart L;Wand H;Ward J;Liu B, 2014, 'Hospitalisations for pelvic inflammatory disease temporally related to a diagnosis of chlamydia or gonorrhoea: A retrospective cohort study', PLoS ONE, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094361

Brotherton JM L;Liu B;Donovan B;Kaldor JM;Saville M, 2014, 'Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage in young Australian women is higher than previously estimated: Independent estimates from a nationally representative mobile phone survey', Vaccine, vol. 32, pp. 592 - 597, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.11.075

Cowling CS;Liu BC;Ward J;Snelling TL;Kaldor JM;Wilson D, 2013, 'Australian trachoma surveillance annual report, 2011', Communicable diseases intelligence quarterly report, vol. 37, pp. E121 - E129

Reekie J;Gidding HF;Kaldor JM;Liu B, 2013, 'Country of birth and other factors associated with hepatitis B prevalence in a population with high levels of immigration', Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 28, pp. 1539 - 1544, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgh.12245

Liu B;Guy R;Donovan B;Kaldor JM, 2013, 'Chlamydia trachomatis re-infections in a population-based cohort of women', Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 89, pp. 45 - 50, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2011-050252

Cowling CS;Povovic G;Liu BC;Ward JS;Snelling TL;Kaldor JM;Wilson DP, 2012, 'Australian trachoma surveillance annual report, 2010.', Communicable diseases intelligence quarterly report, vol. 36

Tabrizi SN;Brotherton JM L;Kaldor JM;Skinner SR;Cummins E;Liu B;Bateson D;McNamee K;Garefalakis M;Garland SM, 2012, 'Fall in human papillomavirus prevalence following a national vaccination program', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 206, pp. 1645 - 1651, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jis590

Liu BC;McIntyre P;Kaldor JM;Quinn HE;Ridda I;Banks E, 2012, 'Pertussis in older adults: Prospective study of risk factors and morbidity', Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 55, pp. 1450 - 1456, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/cis627

Liu B;Donovan B;Hocking JS;Knox J;Silver B;Guy R, 2012, 'Improving adherence to guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pelvic inflammatory disease: A systematic review', Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/325108

Ali H;Donovan B;Liu B;Hocking JS;Agius P;Ward J;Bourne C;Kaldor JM;Guy RJ, 2012, 'Chlamydia prevention indicators for Australia: Review of the evidence from New South Wales', Sexual Health, vol. 9, pp. 399 - 406, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH11183

Mission statement

To reduce the immunisation gap between adults and children through research, teaching and advocacy, with a special focus on the elderly, high risk and vulnerable populations.

Contact Us

Professor Raina MacIntyre

Raina MacIntyre

NHMRC Principal Research Fellow and Professor of Global Biosecurity.

+61 2 93850920


Dr Elizabeth Kpozehouen

Dr Elizabeth Kpozehouen

Research Associate

02 9385 0082