Senior Lecturer, program lead for ‘social and behavioural research’, and ‘occupational vaccination and other at-risk groups’.
Dr Holly Seale BSc, MPH, PhD, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, UNSW, Sydney.
Dr Seale is an infectious disease social researcher whose work focuses on exploring the individual, societal and organisational factors that influence compliance with infection prevention strategies and with formulating and developing approaches/interventions to improve uptake. Her research includes qualitative and quantitative research approaches and consumers such as hospital/community healthcare workers, special at-risk groups (people with underlying illness, migrants/refugees), students and the general public.
One of her key areas of research is focused on seasonal and pandemic influenza. She has done numerous studies focused on improving the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination amongst a range of at-risk populations. She is one of few Australian researchers to focus on occupational influenza vaccination and have generated a large number of publications focused on hospital healthcare workers, general practitioner and childcare educators. She was the first Australian researcher to develop a decision aid focused on hospital healthcare workers. She has been invited to develop information booklets aimed at assisting hospital immunisation coordinators to promote influenza vaccination to their staff. Her research has also been used to help guide the development of the NSW Ministry of Health influenza vaccine campaign. She is routinely invited to present to hospital immunisation coordinators at statewide annual meetings. At these meetings, she aims to familiarise the coordinators with the latest influenza research and to highlight new strategies that can be used to promote awareness and uptake.
More recently, she has started to explore the delivery of immunisation in the hospital setting and to examine the policy/practices around recommending and/or vaccinating children/adolescents and adults with conditions predisposing to severe influenza and other vaccine preventable diseases. She recently completed a study that found that only 40% of at-risk children/adolescents had been vaccinated against seasonal influenza. This level of uptake is well below the Healthy People 2020 target of 80%. Holly is already developing new strategies to try and promote uptake in our hospital setting.
She has published more than 105 peer-reviewed publications including papers focused on the epidemiology of vaccine preventable diseases, on the delivery and evaluation of national immunisation programs, on the social factors impacting on coverage and the impact of interventions aimed at improving acceptance. Based on her research she has been invited to speak at events ranging from the NSW Ministry of Health ‘Bug Breakfasts’ (statewide) to National/International conferences.
MacIntyre CR;Zhang Y;Chughtai AA;Seale H;Zhang D;Chu Y;Zhang H;Rahman B;Wang Q, 2016, 'Cluster randomised controlled trial to examine medical mask use as source control for people with respiratory illness', BMJ Open, vol. 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012330
Bui C;Bethmont A;Chughtai AA;Gardner L;Sarkar S;Hassan S;Seale H;MacIntyre CR, 2016, 'A Systematic Review of the Comparative Epidemiology of Avian and Human Influenza A H5N1 and H7N9-Lessons and Unanswered Questions', TRANSBOUNDARY AND EMERGING DISEASES, vol. 63, pp. 602 - 620, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12327
P Newcombe J;Kaur R;Wood N;Seale H;Palasanthiran P;Snelling TL, 2016, 'Paediatrician beliefs and practices around influenza vaccination', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.13406
Nicholl S;Seale H;Sheppeard V;Campbell-Lloyd S, 2016, 'Measles prevention in adolescents: lessons learnt from implementing a high school catch-up vaccination programme in New South Wales, Australia, 2014-2015.', Western Pac Surveill Response J, vol. 7, pp. 29 - 35, http://dx.doi.org/10.5365/WPSAR.2016.7.1.009
Heywood AE;Zwar N;Forssman BL;Seale H;Stephens N;Musto J;Lane C;Polkinghorne B;Sheikh M;Smith M;Worth H;Macintyre CR, 2016, 'The contribution of travellers visiting friends and relatives to notified infectious diseases in Australia: state-based enhanced surveillance', Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 144, pp. 3554 - 3563, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268816001734
MacIntyre CR;Shaw P;Mackie FE;Boros C;Marshall H;Barnes M;Seale H;Kennedy SE;Moa A;Hayen A;Chughtai AA;O'Loughlin EV;Stormon M, 2016, 'Immunogenicity and persistence of immunity of a quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in immunocompromised children', Vaccine, vol. 34, pp. 4343 - 4350, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.06.049
Chughtai AA;Seale H;Dung TC;Hayen A;Rahman B;Raina MacIntyre C, 2016, 'Compliance with the use of medical and cloth masks among healthcare workers in Vietnam', Annals of Occupational Hygiene, vol. 60, pp. 619 - 630, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/mew008
Kaur R;Razee H;Seale H, 2016, 'Development and appraisal of a hand hygiene teaching approach for medical students: a qualitative study', Journal of Infection Prevention, vol. 17, pp. 162 - 168, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757177416645345
Seale H;Kaur R;Mahimbo A;MacIntyre CR;Zwar N;Smith M;Worth H;Heywood AE, 2016, 'Improving the uptake of pre-travel health advice amongst migrant Australians: Exploring the attitudes of primary care providers and migrant community groups', BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1479-1
Seale H;Kaur R;Lajoie K;Dixon J;Gallard J, 2016, 'Examining the role of a decision aid in reducing decisional conflict amongst hospital healthcare workers towards receiving the influenza vaccine', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 16, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-016-1339-0
Seale H;Chughtai AA;Kaur R;Phillipson L;Novytska Y;Travaglia J, 2016, 'Empowering patients in the hospital as a new approach to reducing the burden of health care-associated infections: The attitudes of hospital health care workers', American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 44, pp. 263 - 268, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.10.003
Rashid H;Yin JK;Ward K;King C;Seale H;Booy R, 2016, 'Assessing interventions to improve influenza vaccine uptake among health care workers', Health Affairs, vol. 35, pp. 284 - 292, http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2015.1087
Bui C;Bethmont A;Chughtai AA;Gardner L;Sarkar S;Hassan S;Seale H;MacIntyre CR, 2016, 'A Systematic Review of the Comparative Epidemiology of Avian and Human Influenza A H5N1 and H7N9 – Lessons and Unanswered Questions', Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 63, pp. 602 - 620, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12327
Scott N;Gabriel S;Sheppeard V;Peacock A;Scott C;Flego K;Forssman B;Seale H, 2015, 'Responding to a measles outbreak in a Pacific island community in western Sydney: community interviews led to church-based immunization clinics.', Western Pac Surveill Response J, vol. 6, pp. 51 - 57, http://dx.doi.org/10.5365/WPSAR.2014.5.3.004
Seale H;Novytska Y;Gallard J;Kaur R, 2015, 'Examining Hospital Patients' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Hospital-Acquired Infections and Their Participation in Infection Control', Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, vol. 36, pp. 461 - 463, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2014.84
Seale H;Sitaresmi MN;Atthobari J;Heywood AE;Kaur R;MacIntyre RC;Soenarto Y;Padmawati RS, 2015, 'Knowledge and attitudes towards rotavirus diarrhea and the vaccine amongst healthcare providers in Yogyakarta Indonesia', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-1187-3
Seale H;Chughtai AA;Kaur R;Phillipson L;Novytska Y;Travaglia J, 2015, 'Empowering patients in the hospital as a new approach to reducing the burden of health care-associated infections: The attitudes of hospital health care workers', American Journal of Infection Control, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.10.003
Ogunjimi B;Hens N;Pebody R;Jansens H;Seale H;Quinlivan M;Theeten H;Goossens H;Breuer J;Beutels P, 2015, 'Cytomegalovirus seropositivity is associated with herpes zoster', Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, vol. 11, pp. 1394 - 1399, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2015.1037999
Heywood AE;Forssman BL;Seale H;MacIntyre CR;Zwar N, 2015, 'General Practitioners' Perception of Risk for Travelers Visiting Friends and Relatives', Journal of Travel Medicine, vol. 22, pp. 368 - 374, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jtm.12229
Chughtai AA;MacIntyre CR;Ashraf MO;Zheng Y;Yang P;Wang Q;Dung TC;Hien NT;Seale H, 2015, 'Practices around the use of masks and respirators among hospital health care workers in 3 diverse populations', American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 43, pp. 1116 - 1118, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.05.041
Zhang D;Wu S;Zhang Y;Yang P;MacIntyre CR;Seale H;Wang Q, 2015, 'Health literacy in Beijing: An assessment of adults' knowledge and skills regarding communicable diseases', BMC Public Health, vol. 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2151-1
Seale H;Travaglia J;Chughtai AA;Phillipson L;Novytska Y;Kaur R, 2015, '‘I don’t want to cause any trouble’: the attitudes of hospital patients towards patient empowerment strategies to reduce healthcare-acquired infections', Journal of Infection Prevention, vol. 16, pp. 167 - 173, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757177415588378
Kaur R;Razee H;Seale H, 2015, 'Exploring the approaches used to teach concepts of hand hygiene to Australian medical students', Journal of Infection Prevention, vol. 16, pp. 162 - 166, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757177415580466
Lowbridge C;McIntyre PB;Gilmour R;Chiu C;Seale H;Ferson MJ;Gilbert GL, 2015, 'Long term population impact of seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine with a "3+0″ schedule-How do "2+1″ and "3+1″ schedules compare?', Vaccine, vol. 33, pp. 3234 - 3241, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.04.079
Seale H;Chughtai AA;Kaur R;Crowe P;Phillipson L;Novytska Y;Travaglia J, 2015, 'Ask, speak up, and be proactive: Empowering patient infection control to prevent health care-acquired infections', American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 43, pp. 447 - 453, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2015.01.007
MacIntyre CR;Seale H;Dung TC;Hien NT;Nga PT;Chughtai AA;Rahman B;Dwyer DE;Wang Q, 2015, 'A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers', BMJ Open, vol. 5, http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006577
Chughtai AA;Seale H;Dung TC;Maher L;Nga PT;MacIntyre CR, 2015, 'Current practices and barriers to the use of facemasks and respirators among hospital-based health care workers in Vietnam', American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 43, pp. 72 - 77, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2014.10.009
Chughtai AA;MacIntyre CR;Zheng Y;Wang Q;Toor ZI;Dung TC;Hien NT;Seale H, 2015, 'Examining the policies and guidelines around the use of masks and respirators by healthcare workers in China, Pakistan and Vietnam', Journal of Infection Prevention, vol. 16, pp. 68 - 74, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1757177414560251
Seale H;Leem J-S;Gallard J;Kaur R;Chughtai A;Tashani M;MacIntyre CR, 2015, '“The cookie monster muffler”: Perceptions and behaviours of hospital healthcare workers around the use of masks and respirators in the hospital setting', International Journal of Infection Control, http://dx.doi.org/10.3396/IJIC.v11i1.006.15
MacIntyre CR;Chughtai AA;Seale H;Richards GA;Davidson PM, 2015, 'Uncertainty, risk analysis and change for Ebola personal protective equipment guidelines', International Journal of Nursing Studies, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.12.001
Scott NS;Paterson JM;Seale H;Truman G, 2014, 'Chronic carriage and familial transmission of typhoid in western Sydney', Communicable diseases intelligence quarterly report, vol. 38, pp. E24 - E25
Newcombe J;Kaur R;Wood N;Seale H;Palasanthiran P;Snelling T, 2014, 'Prevalence and determinants of influenza vaccine coverage at tertiary pediatric hospitals', Vaccine, vol. 32, pp. 6364 - 6368, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.06.044
Chughtai AA;MacIntyre R;Peng Y;Wang Q;Ashraf MO;Dung TC;Seale H, 2014, 'Infection control survey in the hospitals to examine the role of masks and respirators for the prevention of respiratory infections in healthcare workers ( HCWs)', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, vol. 21, pp. 408 - 408, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2014.03.1262
Chughtai AA;MacIntyre R;Peng Y;Wang Q;Toor ZI;Dung TC;Seale H, 2014, 'Policies on facemasks use to protect HCWs from respiratory infections: A cross sectional survey', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, vol. 21, pp. 417 - 417, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2014.03.1281
Gunaratnam P;Tobin S;Seale H;McAnulty JM, 2014, 'Infectious diseases in returned travellers, NSW, 2010-2011.', New South Wales public health bulletin, vol. 24, pp. 171 - 175
Seale H;Leem JS;Gallard J;Kaur R;Chughtai AA;Tashani M;MacIntyre R, 2014, '“The cookie monster muffler”: Perceptions and behaviours of hospital healthcare workers around the use of masks and respirators in the hospital setting', IJIC, vol. 1, pp. 1 - 18
MacIntyre CR;Chughtai AA;Seale H;Richards GA;Davidson PM, 2014, 'Response to Martin-Moreno et al. (2014) Surgical mask or no mask for health workers not a defensible position for Ebola', International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 51, pp. 1694 - 1695, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.10.004
MacIntyre CR;Wang Q;Rahman B;Seale H;Ridda I;Gao Z;Yang P;Shi W;Pang X;Zhang Y;Moa A;Dwyer DE, 2014, 'Corrigendum to 'Efficacy of face masks and respirators in preventing upper respiratory tract bacterial colonization and co-infection in hospital healthcare workers' [Prev. Med. 62 (2014) 1–7]', Preventive Medicine, vol. 69, pp. 165 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.09.022
MacIntyre CR;Chughtai AA;Seale H;Richards GA;Davidson PM, 2014, 'Respiratory protection for healthcare workers treating ebola virus disease (EVD): Are facemasks sufficient to meet occupational health and safety obligations?', International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 51, pp. 1421 - 1426, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.09.002
Kaur R;Razee H;Seale H, 2014, 'Facilitators and barriers around teaching concepts of hand hygiene to undergraduate medical students', Journal of Hospital Infection, vol. 88, pp. 28 - 33, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2014.06.006
Raina MacIntyre C;Wang Q;Rahman B;Seale H;Ridda I;Gao Z;Yang P;Shi W;Pang X;Zhang Y;Moa A;Dwyer DE, 2014, 'Efficacy of face masks and respirators in preventing upper respiratory tract bacterial colonization and co-infection in hospital healthcare workers - Authors' reply', Preventive Medicine, vol. 65, pp. 154, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.05.024
Wicker S;Seale H;Von Gierke L;Maltezou H, 2014, 'Vaccination of healthcare personnel: Spotlight on groups with underlying conditions', Vaccine, vol. 32, pp. 4025 - 4031, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.05.070
Liyanage SS;Segelov E;Malik A;Garland SM;Tabrizi SN;Cummins E;Seale H;Rahman B;Moa A;Barbour AP;Crowe PJ;Macintyre CR, 2014, 'A case-control study of the role of human papillomavirus in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Australia', Journal of Oncology, vol. 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/236482